Through Broadband Service, the Government of Nepal will ensure internet access to the Municipalities, Gaupalika and their wards, health posts, community schools throughout the country. 690 local units will be covered in the first phase. This includes 6,082 ward offices, 6,325 schools, 5,170 health posts.
The only prerequisites for building Digital Nepal is the internet. Broadly, two activities are to be executed in Digital Nepal.
First, Internet Access to all 77 districts of Nepal via Fiber Optics.
Second, Broadband Service.
Through Broadband Service, the Government of Nepal will ensure internet access to the Municipalities, Gaupalika and their wards, health posts, community schools throughout the country. 690 local units will be covered in the first phase. This includes 6,082 ward offices, 6,325 schools, 5,170 health posts. The service will be free of cost to the institutions for the first two years from the date of access.
Infrastructure building has almost come to an end among the 11 earthquake affected districts except for Kathmandu valley. Next, infrastructure building has already been initiated in 8 districts of Karnali, including Rolpa as well. Tenders are being evaluated for 9 more hilly region districts and tender is yet to be announced for 25 districts in Terai.
Asgar Ali, an IT expert in Office of Prime Minister explains, “Digital Nepal is the means to achieve ‘Sukhi Nepal, Samriddha Nepal’, which our government aims to accomplish. We can simply understand that we can conveniently fill up our license form, passport forms, tax clearance, property transfer and other administrative works with our fingertips in our mobile phones. The time duration for preparedness and implementation should not take more than 12 months from now.”
The Internet Service Providers are contributing 2% of their income monthly for Rural Telecommunication Development Fund at present. Two Arab rupees is to be collected in the Fund in a year. The expenses of Digital Nepal is to release from the fund. 150 Information Centers are to be established in remote districts to overlook Digital Nepal. Each information center will be equipped with a computer, printer and scanner compulsorily.
Additionally, 500 computer labs are to be set up in schools. The schools are to be supervised via CCTV. In case help required, facilitation and mentorship will be provided via the CCTV channel. This will help delegation of IT knowhow among the general population all over the country.
Nepal Telecommunication Authority is working on building Information Higway in the eastern mid-hilly districts of Nepal. Optical Fiber is covering 1,950 kilometers long distance from Chiyabhanjhayang of Pancharthar in the east to Jhulaghat of Darkhura in the west. East-West hence gets connected from the fibre optics channel. For the himalayan districts, satellites are to be used for connected the region with the internet.
The Government of Nepal has already initiated building our own satellite. The work will be accomplished with four years as informed by the authority.
According to Nepal Telecommunication Authority, the population of almost One Crore Fifty-Five Lakh altogether have access to internet at present, either in primitive or fully-functional form.